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Home > Policy & Practices > National Policies and Climate Change Adaptation

National Policies and Climate Change Adaptation

National Policy

A number of national policies, programmes and schemes are implemented in the State level, dwarfing in some sense the quantum and resources of State-level policies and programmes. Several of these national level policies and programmes have a gender component but how far are these able to help women adapt? Especially when there is a move towards ‘greening’ of these policies by focusing them on activities that will help rejuvenate natural resources and improve livelihoods of people dependent on them.

Some of the key national policies/schemes/programmes that this ongoing research is examining from a gender lens include:

Agriculture and Allied Sector
•    National Farmers Policy, 2007
•    National Agricultural Policy, 2000
•    National Seeds Policy, 2002
•    Institute Village Linkage Program (IVLP)
•    Rashtriya Kirishi Vikas Yojana
•    Manual for Drought Management, 2009
•    Drought Management Program
•    National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
•    National Seed Mission
•    National Mission on Micro Irrigation (NMMI)
•    Macro Management of Agriculture (MMA)
•    Agricultural Technology Management Agencies (ATMAs)
•    National Gender Resource Centre in Agriculture (NGRCA)
•    National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (Rashtriya Krishi Bhima Yojana)
•    Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil palm and Maize (ISOPOM)  
•    National Project on Management of Soil Health & Fertility

•    Horticulture:
    -    National Horticulture Mission (NHM)
    -    National Mission for Medicinal Plants (NMMP)
    -    Schemes of National Horticulture Board

•    Animal Husbandry:
    -    Livestock Insurance Scheme
    -    Intensive Dairy Development Programme
    -    Poultry Venture Capital Fund

•    Fisheries:
    -    National Scheme on Welfare of Fishermen
    -    Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA)

Rural Development
•    Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
•    National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)
•    Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna (SGSY)
•    Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
•    Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY)
•    National Social Assistance Program (NSAP)
•    Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna (SGRY)
•    National Food for Work Programme
•    Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP)

•    Environment Policy, 2006
•    The scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act,06
•    National Action Plan on Desertification
•    National Wetland Conservation Program
•    National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development, 1991

Women and Child
•    Gender Budgeting Scheme
•    Swayam Siddha
•    Swadhar
•    STEP (Support to Training and Employment Program for Women)
•    Food / Nutrition Scheme: Nutrition Education and Training through Community Food & Nutrition Extension Units (CFNEUS)
•    National Policy for the Empowerment of Women, 2001
•    National Mission for Empowerment of Women

•    National Water Mission

•    Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF)
•    Panchayat Mahila Evam Yuva Shakti Abhiyan
•    Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Yojana (RGSY)

Research findings will shortly be available here.